Why were mangroves removed in Thailand?
From 1961 to 1996, Thailand lost about 56% of its mangrove forests due to the expansion of shrimp and salt farms. They are deforested to make room for shrimp farms and other forms of aquaculture, as well as for their wood.
Where are mangroves located in Thailand?
Thailand Mangrove Forest Tropical mangrove forests occur in both estuaries and open coastland environments. To flourish they need deposits of sediment, high in organic content which is sheltered by the wave action of the sea.
What are the importance of mangrove forest for the southern Thai people?
The mangrove system provides food for the local people and nutrients to the surrounding seas. Further, these forests protect the local environment by acting like a green wall that reduces coastal erosion and helps reduce effects of heavy waves and strong winds on the coast.
Which country has the largest mangrove?
Sundarbans Mangrove Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. The total area is nearly 10,000 km2. In addition, it is at the side of Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in the Bay of Bengal. The area of Bangladesh part is 6,017 km2.
What are the main threats to the mangrove ecosystem?
Agriculture. Many thousands of acres of mangrove forest have been destroyed to make way for rice paddies, rubber trees, palm oil plantations, and other forms of agriculture. Farmers often use fertilizers and chemicals, and runoff containing these pollutants makes its way into water supplies.
How can we protect mangroves in Thailand?
Encourage local people to conserve and restore their mangroves through naturally regenerative processes, and to manage and use them sustainably. Conduct beekeeper training for the local communities and provide beehive making equipment to beekeeping families.
What animals live in the mangrove swamp Krabi River Thailand?
Snails, barnacles, bryozoans, tunicates, mollusks, sponges, polychaete worms, isopods, amphipods, shrimps, crabs, and jellyfish all live either on or in close proximity to mangrove root systems. Some invertebrates thrive in the mangrove canopy, of which the most abundant are the crabs.
How do you solve mangrove destruction?
Look for sustainable alternatives to eating farmed shrimp from mangrove areas. Find local conservation and government organizations in your area that are working to conserve mangrove forests, and support them. Remember, conservation of mangrove ecosystems is more than just planting new trees.
Where can we find mangrove forest?
Mangroves are found all over the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. Indonesia is the country with the most mangroves. Brazil, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Australia also have mangrove forests.
Where are the best mangroves?
Mangroves are found in coastal areas from as far north as Cedar Key on the Gulf coast to Cape Canaveral on the Atlantic coast all the way to the tip of the Florida Keys. We consider them Florida’s Tree of Life because they create a unique ecosystem that supports many inhabitants.
Why are humans removing mangrove trees?
Many thousands of acres of mangrove forest have been destroyed to make way for rice paddies, rubber trees, palm oil plantations, and other forms of agriculture. Farmers often use fertilizers and chemicals, and runoff containing these pollutants makes its way into water supplies.