Who was responsible for the Cold War?

Who was responsible for the Cold War?

The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II. This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945.

What were the consequences of shock therapy class 12?

Consequences of the Shock Therapy The shock therapy ruined the economies of Russia and east European countries. Since restructuring was carried out by market driven forces and not by the government implement policies, there was a disappearance of almost all industries in the region.

What role did the Soviet Union play in the Cold War?

The Cold War The Americans and British feared the spread of communism into Western Europe and worldwide. In response to NATO, the Soviet Union in 1955 consolidated power among Eastern bloc countries under a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact, setting off the Cold War.

What was the largest garage sale in history?

What was the largest garage sale in history? Answer: Largest garage sale in history was resulted due to shock therapy to undervalue the valuable industries of the USSR to sell them at throwaway prices.

What was shock therapy in political science?

Shock therapy is an economic theory that says that sudden, dramatic changes in national economic policy can turn a state-controlled economy into a free-market economy.

What was shock therapy was this the best way to make transition from communism to capitalism?

The model of transition in Russia, central Asia and East Europe came to be known as shock therapy. However, shock therapy wasn’t the best way to transition from communism to capitalism because: It was a sudden and immediate change that uprooted the entire existing system and wrecked havoc over the economy of the state.

How was the Soviet system full of loopholes?

Inspite of all perfection, the Soviet system was full of loopholes. The system was bureaucratic and over-centralised making life difficult for people. It stifled the initiative of people due to lack of democracy and absence of freedom of speech and expression.

What does end of bipolarity mean?

In December 1991, under the leadership of Yeltsin, Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, three major republics of the USSR, declared that the Soviet Union was disbanded. The Communist party of the Soviet Union was banned.

Who was responsible for the Cold War and why?

the Soviet Union

Why did the Soviet Union the second most powerful country in the world disintegrate explain any six reasons?

(i) Internal weakness of Soviet political and economic institutions. (ii) Economic stagnation. (iii) Soviet resources were mainly used to maintain its nuclear and military arsenals. (iv) Awareness among Soviet people about the economic advancement of the West.

When did the Soviet Union became a superpower?


How rich was the Soviet Union?

Economy of the Soviet Union

Trade organisations Comecon, ESCAP and others
GDP $0.82 trillion in 1977 (nominal; 2nd) $1.21 trillion in 1980 (nominal; 2nd) $1.5 trillion in 1982 (nominal; 2nd) $2 trillion in 1985 (nominal; 2nd) $2.66 trillion in 1989 (nominal; 2nd)
GDP rank 2nd (1989 est.)

What is meant by shock therapy explain any four consequences of shock therapy?

(i) It brought ruin to the economies and disaster upon the people of the entire region. (ii) In Russia, the large state-controlled industrial complex almost collapsed. (iii) The value of the ruble- the Russian currency declined. (iv) People lost all their savings due to high rate of inflation.

How did the Soviet Union became a great power after the Second World War?

Originally Answered: How did the USSR emerge as a superpower despite its massive losses from the Purges & WWII? The Soviet Union emerged from WW2 with the world’s largest army, a massive military industrial complex, and confidence after defeating Germany and smashing the Japanese forces on mainland Asia in a week.

Why did Soviet Union disintegrate three reasons?

i) Internal weakness of Soviet political and economical institutions. ii) Soviet Union used much of its resources in maintaining Nuclear and military arsenals. iii) Communist party was not accountable to the people. iv) Ordinary people became more knowledgeable about the technology.

Why did USSR fall?

Gorbachev’s decision to allow elections with a multi-party system and create a presidency for the Soviet Union began a slow process of democratization that eventually destabilized Communist control and contributed to the collapse of the Soviet Union.

What is the new name of former USSR?


How did the Soviet Union became so powerful?

So to sum everything up: Significant foreign aid, being one of two superpowers after WWII, having economic growth so people tolerated totalitarianism and finally manpower, resources and nuclear weapons (thanks to an extensive spy network) is what allowed the Soviet Union to grow so powerful.

Why was Stalin responsible for the Cold War?

Stalin’s mistrust of Western governments, his insincere negotiations at the end of World War II and his determination to expand Soviet communism into eastern Europe were significant causes of the Cold War.

What were the main causes of the Cold War?

Historians have identified several causes that led to the outbreak of the Cold War, including: tensions between the two nations at the end of World War II, the ideological conflict between both the United States and the Soviet Union, the emergence of nuclear weapons, and the fear of communism in the United States.

When was the USSR most powerful?

Originally Answered: When was the Soviet Union the most powerful? 1970–1973 it was the peak of USSR, while USA was extremely weakened by civil rights movement, anti-war actions and anti-Vietnam war activities. Increased prices of Oil was great for USSR.

Why did Soviet Union disintegrate Class 12?

Reasons for the Soviet Union Disintegration Internal weaknesses of Soviet political and economic institutions failed to meet the aspirations of the people. The economy of the Soviet Union became stagnant. The Soviet economy used much of its resources in maintaining a nuclear and military arsenal.

Which three world events signify the end of bipolarity?


  • End of cold war confrontations. ideological disputes over. stop Arms Race. make piece in world.
  • Power relation in world politics. Multi polar system. Liberal democracy emerged best way to organised political life.
  • Emergence of new countries ( end of soviet bloc ).

Did everyone earn the same in Soviet Union?

Money wage in Soviet parlance was not the same as in Capitalist countries. The money wage was set at the top of the administrative system, and it was the same administrative system which also set bonuses. Wages were 80 percent of the average Soviet workers income, with the remaining 20 coming in the form of bonuses.

What were the consequences of Soviet disintegration on world politics?

Disintegration of Soviet Union gave an end to Cold War confrontations and to ideological disputes between two superpowers. Military alliances had been abolished and demand arose for world peace and security.

What were the consequences of disintegration of Soviet Union?

Consequences of the disintegration of the USSR The fall of second world. The period marked the end of many communist regimes in response to mass protests. End of cold war: End of arms race, end of ideological confrontations. Change in power equations: Unipolar world, capitalist ideology, IMF, World Bank etc.

How did World War 2 affect the Soviet Union?

WWII had a signficant impact on the Soviet Union’s Economy and the economic health of its people. The Soviets lost more than 17,000 towns, 70,000 villages, and 32,000 factories due to the war. The lack of men, functioning machinery, livestock, and limited harvest led to food shortages both during and after the war.

What was the challenge to bipolarity?

The creation of NIEO (National International and Economic Order) and NAM (Non-Alignment Movement) were two major challenges to the bipolarity that emerge during cold war era in 20th century.

How did the US and Soviet Union become superpowers?

If you recall your World War II history, the United States and the Soviet Union were allies during the war. Together, these nations and others brought about the downfall of Hitler’s Third Reich. When the war ended in 1945, these two countries emerged as world super powers.