What type of building is the temple of Athena Nike?
An Ionic gem The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble, has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella; this kind of floor plan is called an amphiprostyle. Because of the small size of the structure, there are only four columns on each side.
In what architectural style was the temple of Athena constructed *?
The Temple of Athena Nike was finished around 420 BC, during the Peace of Nicias. It is a tetrastyle (four column) Ionic structure with a colonnaded portico at both front and rear facades (amphiprostyle), designed by the architect Kallikrates. The columns along the east and west fronts were monolithic columns.
Are Athena and Athena Nike the same?
Athena was patron deity of Athens and Nike was the goddess of victory often associated so closely with her that the two became synchronized as Athena Nike (“Athena of Victory”).
How did they build the temple of Athena Nike?
The temple of Athena Nike, built in Ionic order of beautiful white Pentelic marble (Pentelic marble is prized for its golden white color and was used in Athens and later in Rome), has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of the cella (a cella is an interior chamber of an ancient Greek temple); this kind …
What is the Parthenon made of?
The main building material was Pentelic marble quarried from the flanks of Mt. Pentelikon, located about 10 mi/ 16 km from Athens. (The old Parthenon, the one destroyed by the Persians while it was partway through construction was the first temple to use this kind of marble.)
Who designed the Temple of Athena Nike?
CallicratesTemple of Athena Nike / Architect
Who commissioned the Temple of Athena Nike?
It is known from an inscription of 449 bc (the year of the signing of peace with Persia) that the Senate commissioned Callicrates to construct a temple to Athena Nike (also known as the Wingless Victory) on the Athenian Acropolis.
What was the Parthenon made of?
Why is the Parthenon considered the most important of Greek temples?
Importance of the Parthenon The Parthenon was the center of religious life in the powerful Greek City-State of Athens, the head of the Delian League. Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens.