What is the structure of RNA?

What is the structure of RNA?

RNA consists of four nitrogenous bases: adenine, cytosine, uracil, and guanine. Uracil is a pyrimidine that is structurally similar to the thymine, another pyrimidine that is found in DNA. Like thymine, uracil can base-pair with adenine (Figure 2).

What are the 3 structures of RNA?

Three main types of RNA are involved in protein synthesis. They are messenger RNA (mRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), and ribosomal RNA (rRNA). rRNA forms ribosomes, which are essential in protein synthesis. A ribosome contains a large and small ribosomal subunit.

What RNA looks like?

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a molecule similar to DNA. Unlike DNA, RNA is single-stranded. An RNA strand has a backbone made of alternating sugar (ribose) and phosphate groups. Attached to each sugar is one of four bases–adenine (A), uracil (U), cytosine (C), or guanine (G).

What is RNA described mRNA with diagram?

Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a single-stranded RNA molecule that is complementary to one of the DNA strands of a gene. The mRNA is an RNA version of the gene that leaves the cell nucleus and moves to the cytoplasm where proteins are made.

What is the structure and function of RNA?

Functions of RNA in Protein Synthesis

Structure and Function of RNA
Structure Short, unstable, single-stranded RNA corresponding to a gene encoded within DNA
Function Serves as intermediary between DNA and protein; used by ribosome to direct synthesis of protein it encodes

What are the structure of DNA and RNA?

Summary: Features of DNA and RNA

Function Repository of genetic information Involved in protein synthesis and gene regulation; carrier of genetic information in some viruses
Sugar Deoxyribose Ribose
Structure Double helix Usually single-stranded
Bases C, T, A, G C, U, A, G

How is RNA made?

RNA is synthesized from DNA by an enzyme known as RNA polymerase during a process called transcription. The new RNA sequences are complementary to their DNA template, rather than being identical copies of the template. RNA is then translated into proteins by structures called ribosomes.

What structural characteristic is found in RNA not DNA?

Answer: A Single-strand structural characteristic is not seen in DNA but seen in RNA. Explanation: An RNA is made up of a long chain of nucleotides, has a helical shape and is produced as a single-strand.

What is DNA and RNA structure and function?

Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and proteins by which living things function. The well-known structure of the DNA double helix allows this information to be copied and passed on to the next generation.

What are the 5 types of RNA?

Types of RNA

  • Messenger RNA (mRNA) mRNA accounts for just 5% of the total RNA in the cell.
  • Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
  • Transfer RNA (tRNA)
  • Small nuclear RNA (snRNA)
  • Regulatory RNAs.
  • Transfer-messenger RNA (tmRNA)
  • Ribozymes (RNA enzymes)
  • Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)