What is the Anya Nya movement?
The Anyanya (also Anya-Nya) were a southern Sudanese separatist rebel army formed during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972). A separate movement that rose during the Second Sudanese Civil War were, in turn, called Anyanya II. Anyanya means “snake venom” in the Madi language.
What was Addis Ababa called before?
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Only since the late 19th century has Addis Ababa been the capital of the Ethiopian state. Its immediate predecessor, Entoto, was situated on a high tableland and was found to be unsatisfactory because of extreme cold and an acute shortage of firewood.
What did the Addis Ababa Agreement do?
The Addis Ababa Agreement, also known as the Addis Ababa Accord, was a set of compromises within a 1972 treaty that ended the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) fighting in Sudan. The Addis Ababa accords were incorporated in the Constitution of Sudan.
Who was the leader of anyanya 2?
After the coup of 1989 by President Omar al-Bashir, South Sudan remained under Sudan for 16 years….
|Dates of operation||1978–1989|
|Active regions||South Sudan|
|Ideology||Southern Sudanese separatism Anti-Addis Ababa Agreement|
Who started the second Sudanese civil war?
SPLA infighting On 15 November 1991, Machar’s SPLA-Nasir alongside the Nuer White Army carried out the Bor massacre, killing an estimated 2000 Dinka civilians. In September 1992, William Nyuon Bany formed a second rebel faction, and in February 1993, Kerubino Kwanyin Bol formed a third rebel faction.
What agreement ended the 17 year war in Sudan?
the Comprehensive Peace Agreement
Peace with the south The government of Sudan and rebels eventually signed an agreement in January 2005, known as the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), finally ending the country’s long-running civil war.
When did Sudan discover oil?
Petroleum exploration in Sudan began in the early 1960s. Activity was originally concentrated offshore in the Red Sea. In 1974, two years after the peace accord that ended the first civil war (1955-72), the Sudanese government granted the Chevron Oil Company (U.S.) large oil concessions in Sudan.
Did the Lost Boys really walk all the way to Ethiopia?
Most just six or seven years old, they fled to Ethiopia to escape death or induction into the northern army. They walked more than a thousand miles, half of them dying before reaching Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya. The survivors of this tragic exodus became known as the Lost Boys of Sudan.
What does Michael teach Salva in the refugee camp?
Salva makes friends with Michael, an aid worker, who starts to teach him English. Michael also teaches Salva to play volleyball! Salva hears a rumor that some boys will be sent to the United States. One day, Salva’s name finally appears on a list saying that he will be going to Rochester, New York.