What is Micro C used for?
MicroC® 2000 series products are the most cost-effective non-hazardous carbon source on the market. It is widely used in denitrification, Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) and BOD addition applications.
What is Micro C wastewater?
MicroC® is a consistent, reliable supplemental carbon source that enables biological nitrogen removal (BNR) and enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR). In both processes, MicroC® provides a readily-available food supply to support the biomass while it carries out the desired nutrient removal processes.
What is Micro C chemical?
MicroC® 2000 is a proprietary, non-hazardous, green chemical designed specifically for use as a carbon source for biological contaminant removal applications in water/wastewater treatment.
What is methanol used for in wastewater treatment?
Methanol is the most commonly used external carbon source for denitrification in the United States and is almost exclusively used as the external carbon source of choice for denitrification filter processes.
What is the COD of ethanol?
One gram of ethanol has a theoretical Oxygen Demand of 192/180 gm of Oxygen or about 1.05 gm/ gm.
What are micro pollutants?
Micropollutants are biological or chemical contaminants that make their way into ground and surface waters in trace quantities (at or below the microgram per liter level) as a result of human activities.
Does nitrification require carbon?
Because nitrification typically only occurs following carbonaceous biological oxygen demand (BOD) removal, the limiting factor for effective ddenitrification is often the absence of a readily biodegradable carbon source that can be used as an effective substrate by denitrifying bacteria during the denitrification …
How is methanol removed from water?
Conventionally, methanol is separated from aqueous solution by distillation, but this process consumes large amounts of energy. Some alternative methods have been developed and applied, such as pervaporation,19–21 adsorption to zeolite,22–24 gas stripping,25 using ionic liquids,26,27 and filtering with nanotubes.
What is the degree of reduction?
The degree of reduction, Y. for organic compounds may be defined as the number of equiva- lents of available electrons per gram atom C. The available electrons are those that would be transferred to oxygen upon oxidation of a compound to CO2, H2O, and NH).
How do you convert COD to BOD?
Typically, the average BOD result is divided by the average COD result to find a “conversion factor” between the two parameters. One would then multiply their COD results by this factor to estimate BOD. COD values are almost always higher than BOD values for the same sample.