What does the Fourth Geneva Convention say?

What does the Fourth Geneva Convention say?

Civilians in areas of armed conflict and occupied territories are protected by the 159 articles of the Fourth Geneva Convention. Civilians are to be protected from murder, torture or brutality, and from discrimination on the basis of race, nationality, religion or political opinion.

What does Article 4 of the Geneva Convention 4 say about the persons protected by the Convention?

Article 4 defines who is protected person: Persons protected by the Convention are those who, at a given moment and in any manner whatsoever, find themselves, in case of a conflict or occupation, in the hands of a Party to the conflict or Occupying Power of which they are not nationals.

What is the Geneva Convention summary?

The Geneva Convention was a series of international diplomatic meetings that produced a number of agreements, in particular the Humanitarian Law of Armed Conflicts, a group of international laws for the humane treatment of wounded or captured military personnel, medical personnel and non-military civilians during war …

Why is collective punishment a war crime?

International humanitarian law posits that no person may be punished for acts that he or she did not commit. It ensures that the collective punishment of a group of persons for a crime committed by an individual is also forbidden, whether in the case of prisoners of war or of any other individuals (GCIII Art.

How does the Geneva Convention protect human rights?

The Geneva Conventions and Protocols try specifically to protect all human beings affected by armed conflict, especially those who are not, or no longer, directly engaged in hostilities. These persons hors de combat are the wounded and sick, shipwrecked, prisoners of war and civilians.

What is the Geneva Convention in simple terms?

The Geneva Conventions are a series of treaties on the treatment of civilians, prisoners of war (POWs) and soldiers who are otherwise rendered hors de combat (French, literally “outside the fight”), or incapable of fighting.

Do teachers violate the Geneva Convention?

But is Ava’s teacher violating the Geneva Conventions? Probably not. As Cornell Law School’s Legal Information Institute notes, the Conventions apply only during wartime and between signatory nations. The United Kingdom, as The Daily Dot notes, is not currently at war, and teachers and students are not nations.