What are the major geographical features of Peru?

What are the major geographical features of Peru?

The country has four distinct geographic areas: the narrow coastal desert region (about 25 to 40 miles wide), barren except for irrigated valleys; the Andean highlands or sierra, containing some of the world’s highest mountains; the “ceja de montana” (eyebrow of the mountain), a long narrow strip of mountainous jungle …

What are Peru’s 3 main geographical areas?

Peru is traditionally described in terms of three broad longitudinal regions: the arid Costa on the west; the rugged Sierra, or Andes, system in the centre; and the wet and forested Amazonia—the tropical Amazon Basin—on the east.

What does the geography of Peru look like?

Peru is located in the western part of South America just below the equator. It has a varied topography that consists of a coastal plain in the west, high rugged mountains in its center (the Andes), and a lowland jungle in the east that leads into the Amazon River basin.

What is the prettiest place in Peru?

For many, the shining star of Peru is Machu Picchu—that iconic green peak, towering over ancient ruins is hard to forget.

What terrain does Peru have?

The terrain of Peru includes a western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva).

What is the geography like in Lima Peru?

The city of Lima (urban area) covers about 800 km². It is located on mostly flat terrain in the Peruvian coastal plain, within the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers. The city slopes gently from the shores of the Pacific Ocean into valleys and mountain slopes located as high as 500 mASL.

What is Peru’s climate like?

The Coast experiences a semi-arid, subtropical desert climate with average annual rainfall of 150 mm. Along the southern and central coast, temperatures vary from 13˚–26˚C, with colder months in May and October. The north has a more semi-tropical climate and temperatures average 24˚C.

What type of landscapes are in Peru?

Peru, the third largest country in South America, boasts natural landforms ranging from the peaks of the Andes Mountains to the sea level beaches along the coast. This country just south of the equator experiences a temperature range mainly depending on altitude.

Is Peru safe in 2021?

Peru – Level 4: Do Not Travel. Do not travel to Peru due to COVID-19. Exercise increased caution in Peru due to crime and terrorism. Some areas have increased risk.

What is the climate and terrain of Peru?

Peru is located entirely in the tropics but features desert and mountain climates as well as tropical rainforests. Elevations above sea level in the country range from −37 to 6,778 m (−121 to 22,238 ft) and precipitation ranges from less than 20 mm (0.79 in) annually to more than 8,000 mm (310 in).

What is the geography and climate of Peru?

Climate. With three different natural regions, the desert coast, the Andes and the jungle, the climate of Peru is very diverse, with a large variety of microclimates, including 28 of the 32 world climates. Being a tropical country, the general climate is mild, with little variation between winter and summer.