What are the 4 factors that cause climate?
3.1 Factors affecting climate
- distance from the sea.
- ocean currents.
- direction of prevailing winds.
- shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
- distance from the equator.
- the El Niño phenomenon.
What species are affected by climate change?
Animals Affected by Climate Change
- POLAR BEAR.
- SNOW LEOPARD.
- GIANT PANDA.
- MONARCH BUTTERFLY.
- GREEN SEA TURTLE.
How does climate change affect endangered animals?
Impacts. Humans and wild animals face new challenges for survival because of climate change. More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people’s livelihoods and communities.
Is climate change a big deal?
Well, yes it is. It’s a big deal because the previous changes in global climate that we’ve discussed took place over hundreds of millions of years. The big deal with global climate change is the pace at which the climate is changing and what we know about the consequences of dramatic climatic change.
What is climate change the definition causes and effects?
When we talk about climate change, we are often talking about the increase in temperatures linked to industrial activities and in particular the greenhouse effect. Ultimately, the causes of global warming (at least at its current rate) are not natural but driven by the human economy and industries.
What are the effects of climate change on extinction?
Global warming is likely to be the greatest cause of species extinctions this century. The IPCC says a 1.5°C average rise may put 20-30% of species at risk of extinction. If the planet warms by more than 2°C, most ecosystems will struggle.
What does climate change do to us?
Increased heat, drought and insect outbreaks, all linked to climate change, have increased wildfires. Declining water supplies, reduced agricultural yields, health impacts in cities due to heat, and flooding and erosion in coastal areas are additional concerns.
What is the cause of climate change?
Human activity is the main cause of climate change. People burn fossil fuels and convert land from forests to agriculture. Burning fossil fuels produces carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. It is called a greenhouse gas because it produces a “greenhouse effect”.
How do you know climate change is happening?
The physical and biological changes that confirm climate warming include the rate of retreat in glaciers around the world, the intensification of rainfall events, changes in the timing of the leafing out of plants and the arrival of spring migrant birds, and the shifting of the range of some species.
What does climate change include?
“Climate change” refers to any long-term change in Earth’s climate, or in the climate of a region or city. This includes warming, cooling and changes besides temperature.
What is a climate change example?
Climate change describes a change in the average conditions — such as temperature and rainfall — in a region over a long period of time. For example, 20,000 years ago, much of the United States was covered in glaciers. In the United States today, we have a warmer climate and fewer glaciers.