Is there any metro in Istanbul?
The Istanbul Metro (Turkish: İstanbul metrosu) is a rapid transit railway network that serves the city of Istanbul, Turkey. It is operated by Metro Istanbul, a company (formerly known as İstanbul Ulaşım A. Ş. before 2016), a public enterprise, controlled by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.
What is the Marmaray in Istanbul?
Marmaray is the fourth underground system in Istanbul after the Tünel Funicular, Metro and Kabataş–Taksim funicular and highly integrated with Metro lines. The name Marmaray comes from combining the name of the Sea of Marmara, which lies just south of the project site, with ray, the Turkish word for rail.
Is the Marmaray project finished?
In March 2019 the overground part of the Marmaray project were completed and normal train traffic, including commuter (entire line), YHT and freight services started to run through the tunnel. The tunnel is the deepest immersed tube tunnel in the world.
Can I use Istanbulkart for Marmaray?
Fares for the Marmaray are the same as for Istanbul Metro lines and, as with the Metro, ferries and other modes of transport, paying by Istanbulkart saves you nearly half the full fare. Children up to 5 years old ride free. Those 6 and older must pay the fare. More…
How much is the Marmaray?
MARMARAY IS INCLUDED IN ISTANBUL CARD FARE TRANSFER SYSTEM Thus, citizens who have an adult ticket and use Marmaray after a public transportation vehicle will pay 3.50 lira instead of 7.75 lira and students will pay 1.70 lira instead of 3.50 lira.
Is Istanbul underwater?
Almost a mile of the 8.5-mile (13.6km) tunnel between the European and Asian sides of Turkey’s largest city is immersed under 56 metres (184ft) of water. A railway tunnel under the Bosphorus straits, one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes, was first suggested by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmejid in 1860.
How deep is the Marmaray tunnel?
The tunnel was considered to be the deepest immersed structure in the world, 55m below sea level. Its length is 13.6km (8.5 miles) long with 9.8km of bored tunnel, 2.4km built using cut-and-cover methods and the remaining 1.4km as a tube tunnel.