How many ships were lost in Operation Pedestal?
More than 500 Merchant and Royal Navy sailors and airmen were killed and only five of the 14 merchant ships reached Grand Harbour….
|United Kingdom||Italy Germany|
|Commanders and leaders|
|Neville Syfret Harold Burrough||Alberto Da Zara Albert Kesselring|
Which ships survived Operation Pedestal?
Passage of “Pedestal” to Malta – Thursday, 13 August 1942 35 There were only three surviving merchant ships, Port Chalmers, Melbourne Star and Rochester Castle, each struggling towards Malta, now under the protection of the short-range Spitfires from the Island.
Was Operation Pedestal a success?
Royal Navy gunners and Fleet Air Arm fighters shot down 42 of the approximately 330 attacking Axis aircraft. Operation Pedestal was a tactical disaster, of a magnitude comparable to the German attack on Convoy PQ-17.
What year was Operation Pedestal?
August 9, 1942 – August 15, 1942Operation Pedestal / Period
What side was Malta on in ww2?
the Allied war
Malta was essential to the Allied war effort as it provided a base to disrupt Axis supply lines to Libya, and also for supplying British armies in Egypt. The German and Italian high commands also realised the danger of a British stronghold so close to Italy.
When did the Ohio arrive in Malta?
15 August: The arrival of the OHIO at Malta: The tanker OHIO discharging oil into the oilers BOXALL and PLUMLEAF. The OHIO was probably the most important ship in the convoy with her cargo of 11,000 tons of petrol which was desperately needed to maintain the aircraft flying from Malta.
Who owns Malta now?
Malta’s known 11 foreign rulers in the past two millennia Nowadays, though, Malta is an independent republic, having gained independence from the British Empire in 1964. The country is still part of the British Commonwealth.
Why was Malta invaded?
Through air and sea landings, the Italians and Germans hoped to eliminate Malta as a British air and naval base and secure an uninterrupted flow of supplies across the Mediterranean Sea to Axis forces in Libya and Egypt.
Did the Ohio make it to Malta?
Although Ohio reached Malta successfully, she was so badly damaged that she had to be effectively scuttled in order to offload her cargo, and never sailed again….SS Ohio (1940)
|Fate||Sunk by naval gunfire practice 19 September 1946|
|Tonnage||1940–42: 9,625 GRT, 5,405 NRT 1942–45: 9,514 GRT, 5,436 NRT|