How do you in-text cite the same author twice in APA?

How do you in-text cite the same author twice in APA?

To cite two works by the same author and the same year, differentiate the two works with small lowercase letters.

  1. For example, use in-text citations like (Smith, 2019a, p. 78) and (Smith, 2019b, p. 24).
  2. On the References page, sort the two entries in alphabetical order by the title, since the names will be identical.

How do you cite the same author multiple times in APA?

(2012)., include only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” 2) Use “et al.” when citing a work multiple times which has three, four, or five authors. In the first citation, list all of the authors. In the following citations, list only the surname of the first author followed by “et al.” and the date.

How do you cite a previous citation?

Once a secondary source has been fully detailed in a footnote or an endnote, there is no need to repeat the entire note in a subsequent reference. Shorten it. In the case of a book, use the author’s last name and the book’s title, which may itself be shortened, followed by the relevant page number.

How do you cite the same source twice?

If you consecutively cite the same source two or more times in a note (complete or shortened), you may use the word “Ibid” instead. Ibid is short for the Latin ibidem, which means “in the same place”. If you’re referencing the same source but different page, follow ‘Ibid’ with a comma and the new page number(s).

How do you cite multiple citations in one sentence APA?

When citing multiple works parenthetically, place the citations in alphabetical order, separating them with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors by year of publication. Place citations with no date first, followed by works with dates in chronological order.

What does indirect citation mean?

An indirect citation or secondary source is when the ideas of one author are published in another author’s text but you have not read or accessed the original author’s work. Include both the original author and the author of the work where quote/idea was found in the in-text reference.

Do you have to cite after every sentence?

If you are paraphrasing from one source throughout a paragraph, don’t worry about putting a citation after every sentence. Putting a citation at the end of the paragraph is fine (there should be at least one citation at the end of each paragraph if the material is paraphrased).

What is a direct citation?

Direct citations are those that include the surname of the author as part of the text of the sentence and the date within parentheses. Indirect citations give both the surname and the date parenthetically. Direct citations are sometimes used to call attention to the identity of the author(s).

Can you cite two sources one sentence?

If one idea in your paper corresponds to information in more than one source, you can reference both sources in the same sentence and in-text citation parenthesis. For example, an in-text citation in APA format in this situation would look like this: Two studies (Miller, 2015; Smith, 2016) have concluded that…

What is the difference between direct quotation and indirect citation?

A direct quote (or direct quotation) is the exact words taken from an original source and used in a second piece of writing. Both direct and indirect quotes use the information from the original; The direct quote also uses the exact words, while the indirect quote does not.

How do you write a direct citation?

Using In-text Citation For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number, for example: (Field, 2005, para.

How do you cite a subsequent citation in APA?

APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.