How did the Enlightenment influence the American and French Revolution?
Enlightenment philosophy was a major influence. Many experts believe that the same ideologies that sparked the American Revolution had long percolated through French culture. Enlightenment stressed the idea of natural rights and equality for all citizens.
What were the ideas of political philosophers which influenced the revolution in France?
The discussion of liberty equality and fraternity has been a major influence on political thought since the time of the French Revolution The revolution marked the triumph of ‘the people’. It pronounced, in 1789, the ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen’.
Which philosophers of the Enlightenment had the greatest impact on the American Revolution?
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers, especially concerning the development of political philosophy. His writings influenced Voltaire and Rousseau, but most importantly, the American revolutionaries.
What Enlightenment philosophers influenced the French Revolution?
The ideals of liberty and equality, that were needed to overthrow Louis XVI, emerged first from the writings of important and influential thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. Specifically, the writings of John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Baron de Montesquieu greatly influenced the revolutionaries in France.
What did the Enlightenment aim to achieve?
Enlightenment thinkers in Britain, in France and throughout Europe questioned traditional authority and embraced the notion that humanity could be improved through rational change. The Enlightenment produced numerous books, essays, inventions, scientific discoveries, laws, wars and revolutions.
How did Enlightenment writers avoid censorship?
To protect against the attacks of the Enlightenment, they waged a war of censorship, or restricting access to ideas and information. They banned and burned books and imprisoned writers. To avoid censorship, philosophes and writers like Montesquieu and Voltaire sometimes disguised their ideas in works of fiction.
What major events happened during the Enlightenment period?
. Galileo Discovers Planets. . 30 Years War. . Louis XIV takes rule of France. . Peace of Westphalia. . Thomas Hobbes publishes Leviathan. . Peter the Great becomes Czar of Russia. . The Glorious Revolution. .