What was the purpose of the Mandate for Palestine?
The objective of the mandates over former territories of Ottoman Empire was to provide “administrative advice and assistance by a Mandatory until such time as they are able to stand alone”.
How did Palestine become a British mandate?
The British Mandate for Palestine (1918-1948) was the outcome of several factors: the British occupation of territories previously ruled by the Ottoman Empire, the peace treaties that brought the First World War to an end, and the principle of self-determination that emerged after the war.
How did the Balfour Declaration affect the Middle East?
The Balfour Declaration raised tensions in Palestine and many local Christians and Muslims resented the Jews. Almost immediately there was a series of outbreaks of sectarian violence. There were anti-Jewish riots in several Palestinian towns and cities. This did not stop the Jews from settling in Palestine.
What was the importance of the Balfour Declaration?
The Balfour Declaration, which resulted in a significant upheaval in the lives of Palestinians, was issued on November 2, 1917. The declaration turned the Zionist aim of establishing a Jewish state in Palestine into a reality when Britain publicly pledged to establish “a national home for the Jewish people” there.
What is the Balfour Declaration Why is it of significance?
Why did the British support the Balfour Declaration?
The British government hoped that the declaration would rally Jewish opinion, especially in the United States, to the side of the Allied powers against the Central Powers during World War I (1914–18).
What does the Balfour Declaration promise?
The Balfour Declaration (“Balfour’s promise” in Arabic) was a public pledge by Britain in 1917 declaring its aim to establish “a national home for the Jewish people” in Palestine.
Why did the British withdrew from Palestine?
The crux of the matter is that Palestine was only important as part of the Middle East as a whole, and when involvement there threatened to wreck Anglo–Arab relations, the Cabinet decided to withdraw from Palestine to preserve the British position in the rest of the Middle East.
How do you think the Arabs reacted to the Balfour Declaration?
Many Arabs, in Palestine and elsewhere, were outraged by their failure to receive the nationhood and self-government they had been led to expect in return for their participation in the war against Turkey.