What kind of tragedy is Desire Under the Elms?
Desire Under the Elms is a modern tragedy containing many Greek tragedy elements, such as Oedipal conflict, the ghost, revenge, and murder in the play, and the free will versus the supernatural.
How is Desire Under the Elms similar to a Greek tragedy?
Desire Under the Elms is reminiscent of a Greek tragedy in its emphasis on the domestic politics of family rivalry, incest, and murder. Eben’s desire for his stepmother Abbie as he mourns the death of his real mother is Oedipal. Eben wants Abbie both sexually and as a mother. Like Oedipus, Eben has sex with a mother.
Who is the tragic hero in Desire Under the Elms?
Desire under the Elms, as a tragedy in general, complies with Aristotle’s most important element of tragedy which is the plot. Through the character of the tragic hero, Eben, the causality and the arrangement of the plot was successfully showed in the progression of action.
What is the main theme of Desire Under the Elms?
Religion, Faith, and Suffering Desire Under the Elms shows how faith in God can bring about suffering. Aging patriarch Ephraim Cabot (who goes by Cabot) is a devout Christian man who often calls on God to guide his choices. Yet Cabot routinely makes choices that end up making him unhappy.
Why did the play Desire Under the Elms create controversy during its first staging?
One of O’Neill’s most admired and frequently performed plays, Desire Under the Elms provoked enormous controversy during its first stagings. O’Neill’s supporters could point out that the Greek and biblical sources that had inspired the play were replete with the very “immoralities” he depicted.
Why did Peter want to get rid of his father in Desire Under the Elms?
Simeon and Peter, who are Cabot’s sons from his first marriage, hate their father for subjecting them to hard lives of physical labor on the farm, and they dream of running away to California to strike it rich in the Gold Rush.
How does O’Neill deal with desires in Desire Under the Elms?
He dedicates and devotes his whole life to the stony and unfertile land to make it grow good crops. He makes every other member of his family work. So, none of his family members likes him because of his obsession. He does not value good relationship.
Who is Maw in Desire Under the Elms?
Maw was Ephraim Cabot’s second wife and Eben’s mother. She died some years before the play begins, though her presence is still felt on the farm, as an oppressive, almost suffocating maternal energy, symbolized by the Elm trees that keep the farmhouse in constant shadow.
Why does Cabot leave the farm?
SYNOPSIS. The widower and patriarch Ephraim Cabot has abandoned his family farm to “learn God’s message,” leaving his three sons to till the rocky New England soil on their own.
Who is the first character we are introduced in Desire Under the Elms?
The characters are somehow influenced by intense desires. As the play begins, the three Cabot brothers Eben, Peter and Simeon are introduced and by the end of the first scene, it is clear that they hate their old father.
What is the desire of Abbie?
Abbie, the young wife, desires a home and security. That is why she marries to the old 75 years old Ephraim just for the sake of land and the security. Simeon and Peter, the two sons, desire freedom from the hard labor of a New England rock bound farm and wants own independence in the gold mining work of California.
Where did Simeon and Peter decide to seek their fortunes?
When the play opens, the two sons of old Ephraim, Simeon and Peter are very excited and determined to go to gold mining in California. They want to be free from the toil of farm work. One day, their father leaves for the town and keeping his sons Simeon, Peter and Eben in the farm.
What is the best literature guide for Desire Under the Elms?
Welcome to the LitCharts study guide on Eugene O’Neill’s Desire Under the Elms. Created by the original team behind SparkNotes, LitCharts are the world’s best literature guides. A concise biography of Eugene O’Neill plus historical and literary context for Desire Under the Elms.
What is the setting of Desire Under the Elms?
In Desire Under the Elms, O’Neill explores the hardships of farm labor and the impoverished status of pre-industrialized American farmers. The play also takes place during the California Gold Rush (1848–1855).
What does Nietzsche call for in Desire Under the Elms?
Thus, Nietzsche called for a rebirth, or rebalancing, of the two. O’Neill answered this call with Desire Under the Elms and soon after even more explicitly with The Great God Brown. Eben is caught between these two elements of his makeup—the “hard” and the “soft.”
What is the love triangle in Desire Under the Elms?
Ancient Love Triangles. Desire Under the Elms is heavily influenced by Ancient Greek tragedies involving dysfunctional family relationships and illegitimate love affairs. It most closely mirrors Euripides’s Hippolytus, which also features an incestuous love triangle.