What is tiger conservation in India?
In 1973, the government declared the tiger India’s national animal, banned hunting and set up a conservation scheme called Project Tiger. There are 50 reserves today under the programme, and about half are well managed, according to a government assessment.
What are the steps taken by the government to conserve tiger?
“”#InternationalTigerDay Smart patrolling, notification for five more tiger reserves, aerial surveillance, Economic Valuation of Tiger Reserves are part of the measures being undertaken to protect tiger habitats & conserve its population.
How many tiger conservation are there in India?
There are a total of 53 Tiger reserves in India ( Yes now the number is 53 with the latest addition of Guru Ghasidas National Park of Chhattisgarh ) as of 2022. According to the latest Tiger Census of 2018-19 conducted in 20 states across India, 2967 Tiger live in India.
What is India doing to save tigers?
To preserve the tiger, the Indian government banned their hunting and launched ‘Project Tiger’ in 1973. It aimed at tiger conservation in the specially created tiger reserves in the country. The viable tiger population in their natural habitat was also maintained.
What is meant by tiger conservation?
Tiger conservation attempts to prevent the animal from becoming extinct and preserving its natural habitat. This is one of the main objectives of the international animal conservation community.
What is the need of tiger conservation?
It is a top predator which is at the apex of the food chain and keeps the population of wild ungulates in check, thereby maintaining the balance between prey herbivores and the vegetation upon which they feed. Therefore, the presence of tigers in the forest is an indicator of the well being of the ecosystem.
Why is tiger conservation important?
Tiger is symbol of wilderness and well-being of the ecosystem. By conserving and saving tigers the entire wilderness ecosystem is conserved. In nature, barring human beings and their domesticates, rest of the ecosystem is wild. Hence conserving wilderness is important and crucial to maintain the life support system.
What are the main reason for the decreasing of tiger population in India?
Tiger population has declined in numbers because of Habitat loss. Urbanization and fragmentation in tiger corridors are the major reasons for their decrease. The forests are cut, highways and cities are built on the so called forest lands which cut the natural corridors for the Tigers thus exposing them.
Which state has most tiger reserves in India?
Madhya pradesh has the highest number of tigers(526) in the age group of 1.5 years with more than 408 big cats. Other states with significant populations included Uttarakhand (442), Karnataka (524), Tamil Nadu (229), Maharashtra (190), Assam (167), Kerala (136) and Uttar Pradesh (117).
Which city is known as tiger Gateway of India?
“Nagpur today is the Tiger Gateway of India.