What is Galungan festival in Bali?

What is Galungan festival in Bali?

At the core of the festival is the celebration of good and the overcoming of evil; the victory of Dharma and the defeat of Adharma. The festival usually runs for around 10 days at various locations around Bali.

How often is galungan?

Galungang – every 210 days Celebrated by Balinese Hindus, Galungan is commemorated every 210 days and lasts for 10 days. Galungan is a celebration of the day of the victory of the Dharma (goodness) against Adharma (evil). Galungan word comes from the Old Javanese language means ‘win’.

What happens on Nyepi Day?

Once a year, the island of Bali completely shuts down. Every shop is closed, there isn’t a car or motorbike to be seen on the usually bustling streets, and at night the island descends into an inky blackness with no lights or fires to be seen.

How do you celebrate Galungan?

The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings. The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the penjor – bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end.

What do you do in Galungan?

On Galungan Day, the Balinese make offerings, decorate their houses and temples, the whole family is usually gathered and pray and visit temples together. The most noticeable characteristic of Galungan is a decoration called penjor.

What do you do in galungan?

What is New Year called in Bali?

Nyepi is a Balinese “Day of Silence” that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (in 2022, it falls on March 3). It is a Balinese celebration mainly celebrated in Bali, Indonesia.

What is the purpose of the Day of Silence in Bali?

Every year, Hindus on the Indonesian island of Bali celebrate Nyepi, the Balinese New Year’s Day. Nyepi is a day of silence, reserved for self-reflection, where people stay home and are not allowed to use lights, start fires, work, travel or enjoy entertainment — even tourists are asked not to leave their hotels.

What happens after Nyepi?

The day following Nyepi is also celebrated as New Year’s Day. On this day, the youth of Bali in the village of Sesetan in South Bali practice the ceremony of Omed-omedan or ‘The Kissing Ritual’ to celebrate the new year. The same day is celebrated in India as Ugadi.

Why is Nyepi celebrated in Bali?

For the Balinese, Nyepi is a Hindu celebration that marks the start of a New Year – a day to cleanse the island from the previous year’s misdoings and bad omens, establishing a pure and positive year ahead. The whole island shuts down for a full 24 hours, and the streets are off limits to everyone.

What happens on galungan?

Significance. Galungan marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings.

Why do we celebrate Galungan in Bali?

Galungan in Bali honours the God of creation – Ida Sang Hyang Widi. The festival is believed to be a celebration of the triumph of good against evil or dharma against adharma according to the Hindu religion. According to local legends, the festival is to mark the defeat of the Balinese king Mayadenawa.

What is the origin of the Galungan festival?

During the Galungan festival the Hindu people of Bali usually perform a ceremony called Ngelawang which involves travelling around the village in the costume of Barong Rangda and Barong Kedengkling. + read more about the Ngelawan ceremony So far no records have been found which mention the origins of the Galungan celebrations.

What is Galungan and Kuningan?

Galungan is a Balinese holiday which celebrates the victory of dharma over adharma (the triumph of good over evil). It marks the time when ancestral spirits of deceased relatives visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they leave earth.

How is Kuningan celebrated in Bali?

Kuningan is Celebrated 10 Days After Galungan (Source) It is believed that the spirits of ancestors descend upon Bali during the Galungan festival, and the locals organise a variety of offering and rituals during the course of the festival to honour these spirits.