What is constructivist theory of deviance?
The constructionist perspective holds that supposedly deviant behavior is a voluntary act, an expression of human volition, will, or choice. Constructionists take this stand because they are disturbed by what they claim to be the dehumanizing implication of the positivist view of deviant behavior.
Which would best describe the constructionist approach to deviance?
The constructionist approach sees deviance as ”subjectively problematic,” that is, ”in the eye of the beholder,” and takes as its primary task an understanding of how judgments of deviance are put together, and with what consequences.
What does the social construction of deviance entail?
A key idea in the sociology of crime and deviance is that crime is socially constructed which means that whether an act is criminal or not is determined by social processes. In the case of crime, the introduction of new Acts of Parliament which change the law constantly change the nature of crime.
What is relativist deviance?
Relativism: Approach to defining deviance that rests on the assumption that deviance is socially constructed. The same act committed at different times, or under different circumstances may or may not be considered deviant.
What is subjectivist deviance?
Early subjectivism: deviance lies in people’s perceptions of a behaviour rather than in any behaviour itself. Contemporary Subjectivism: Focuses its attention on the process by which particular people, behaviours or characteristic come to be perceived in certain ways.
What does the constructionist perspective emphasize and how does it differ from other perspectives of deviance?
The constructionist perspective holds the relativist view that deviant behavior by itself does not have any intrinsic characteristics unless it is thought to have these characteristics. The so-called intrinsically deviant characteristics do not come from the behavior itself; they come instead from some people’s minds.
Which two theoretical perspectives are associated with the constructionist stance?
The constructionist perspective represents a combination of the views of labeling and conflict theories.
How might the social construction of deviance apply?
– Idea that social groups create deviance by making the rules whose infraction constitute as deviance and by applying these rules to particular people and labelling them as outsiders; it’s rational. – Deviant = person whom label has been successfully applied; deviant behaviour = behaviour that is labelled.