What is anthropophilic dermatophyte?
Anthropophilic dermatophytes, such as Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton tonsurans, are the main cause of human dermatophytosis. They are often transmitted from one person to another or by contaminated objects (e.g. clothes, hats, hairbrushes), and generally cause long-lasting infection with mild inflammation.
What are Zoophilic fungi?
Abstract. Zoophilic dermatophytes are fungal organisms that primarily infect animals but occasionally infect humans. The most common of these are Microsporum canis and Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
What are the three dermatophytes?
The dermatophytes include three genera of molds in the class Euascomycetes — Trichophyton, Microsporum, and Epidermophyton — although the genera are not distinct within the phylogeny.
Is Microsporum canis anthropophilic?
In the present study, we elaborate concepts of speciation in dermatophytes using the Microsporum canis complex as an example. The group consists of a cluster of phylogenetically closely related anamorphs: the anthropophilic taxa Microsporum audouinii and M. ferrugineum, and the zoophilic taxon M. canis.
What is anthropophilic?
[ ăn′thrə-pō-fĭl′ĭk ] adj. Seeking or preferring a human over another animal. Used of a parasite.
Are dermatophytes yeast or mold?
Dermatophytes belong to the mold group of fungi and cause cutaneous infections. Although specific organisms usually cause dermatophyte infections in particular parts of the body, dermatophyte diseases are usually classified according to site of infection, and are often referred to as tinea.
What is the meaning of anthropophilic?
adj. Seeking or preferring a human over another animal. Used of a parasite.
What causes Dermatophytosis?
Dermatophytosis is an infection caused by fungi from three genera, namely Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton. Infections caused by these organisms are referred to as tinea which precedes the Latin name for the site which they involve, i.e. tinea capitis is a dermatophyte infection involving the scalp.
Is Candida albicans a dermatophytes?
Potentially pathogenic fungi include yeasts (single-celled organisms, eg, Candida albicans) and dermatophytes. Dermatophytes are molds (multicellular filaments of organisms) that require keratin for nutrition and must live on stratum corneum, hair, or nails to survive.
What does dermatophytes do to the skin?
Dermatophytes are fungi that require keratin for growth. These fungi can cause superficial infections of the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatophytes are spread by direct contact from other people (anthropophilic organisms), animals (zoophilic organisms), and soil (geophilic organisms), as well as indirectly from fomites.
What other conditions are caused by dermatophytes?
The diseases that result from a dermatophyte infection are known as tineas. The location of the disease on the body further defines the disease, so that tinea pedis are dermatophyte infections of the feet, tinea cruris of the genitals, tinea corporis of the torso, and tinea capitis of the head.