What does Grosso mean in music?
concerto grosso, plural concerti grossi, common type of orchestral music of the Baroque era (c. 1600–c. 1750), characterized by contrast between a small group of soloists (soli, concertino, principale) and the full orchestra (tutti, concerto grosso, ripieno).
Who wrote the most concerti grossi?
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) wrote a set of six concertos known as the Brandenburg Concertos. Each of the Brandenburg Concertos is for a different combination of instruments. Most of them are concerti grossi.
What is the example of concerto grosso?
Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 is an example of the concerto grosso. When the piece opens there is a solo group of violin and two flutes are prominent and they are joined by the ripieno strings. The harpsichord is played in the continuo.
What is the difference between a concerto and concertino?
In context|music|lang=en terms the difference between concerto and concertino. is that concerto is (music) a piece of music for one or more solo instruments and orchestra while concertino is (music) a section in a concerto grosso played by three instruments.
What is the function of concerto grosso?
But not until the 1670s did the term concerto grosso itself come into general use. It indicated the larger of two contrasting instrumental groups within a composition, and in this sense the term was opposed to concertino (the smaller group), and signified the relation of full orchestra to one or more soloists.
What is a famous concerto grosso?
The most famous concerti grossi are the six that Bach (right) composed, ostensibly as audition pieces for a position with the Margrave of Brandenburg, collectively known as the Brandenburg Concertos.
What is a fugue in music?
fugue, in music, a compositional procedure characterized by the systematic imitation of a principal theme (called the subject) in simultaneously sounding melodic lines (counterpoint). The term fugue may also be used to describe a work or part of a work.