What are the types of femur fracture?

What are the types of femur fracture?

A transverse fracture is a straight line across the shaft of the femur. An oblique fracture is an angled line or break. A spiral fracture is a fracture that encircles the femur shaft. A comminuted fracture occurs when the bone has broken into several pieces.

What is femoral fracture?

A femur fracture is another term for a broken thighbone. The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body, and it is fairly difficult to break. However, high-speed collisions and other trauma can cause the femur to fracture.

What is the treatment for a broken femur?

If you fracture your femur, you usually need ORIF to bring your bones back into place and help them heal. During an open reduction, orthopedic surgeons reposition your bone pieces during surgery, so that they are back in their proper alignment.

What is the most common site of fracture in the femur?

The most common types of hip fractures are: Femoral neck fracture. A femoral neck fracture happens 1 to 2 inches from your hip joint. This type of fracture is common among older adults and can be related to osteoporosis.

What are the complications of femur fracture?

Complications and injuries associated with midshaft femur fractures in the adult can be life-threatening and may include hemorrhage, internal organ injury, wound infection, fat embolism, and adult respiratory distress syndrome [2,6].

What is the pathophysiology of femur fracture?

Femoral-shaft fractures are usually the result of trauma. Motor vehicle accidents, pedestrian-versus-vehicle accidents, falls, and gunshot wounds are among the most common causes. Pathologic fractures in adults are most often the result of osteoporosis and metastatic disease.

What causes a femur fracture?

Femoral fractures are usually caused by: Falls or impacts during activity. Direct trauma to the thigh or hip, as in a motorcycle or car accident. Diseases that weaken the bone—diseases that could increase the chance for a fracture include osteoporosis and cancer.

Can you walk on a fractured femur?

Most people experiencing a femur fracture can begin walking with the help of a physical therapist in the first day or two after injury and/or surgery.

What are the types of fracture injury?

Common types of fractures include:

  • Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place.
  • Open (compound) fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture.
  • Transverse fracture.
  • Oblique fracture.
  • Comminuted fracture.

Can a femur fracture heal itself?

A broken femur will usually have a major effect on your life, but only temporarily. Surgeries are routinely effective and people are typically able to completely heal from a broken femur. In the majority of broken femurs, patients return to a normal lifestyle.