What are the differential diagnosis for community-acquired pneumonia?

What are the differential diagnosis for community-acquired pneumonia?

(See “COVID-19: Diagnosis”.) DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS CAP is a common working diagnosis and is frequently on the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with a pulmonary infiltrate and cough, patients with respiratory tract infections, and patients with sepsis.

What is the gold standard for diagnosing community-acquired pneumonia?

[9,15–17] Chest X-ray (CXR) is considered the gold standard for diagnosis of pneumonia.

What is Curb 65 criteria?

CURB-65 = Confusion, Urea nitrogen, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure, 65 years of age and older. CRB-65 = Confusion, Respiratory rate, Blood pressure, 65 years of age and older.

What is CAP medical diagnosis?

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) refers to pneumonia (any of several lung diseases) contracted by a person outside of the healthcare system. In contrast, hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is seen in patients who have recently visited a hospital or who live in long-term care facilities.

What diagnostic tests are used to identify community acquired pneumonia?

Some laboratory tests used to evaluate patients with CAP include sputum culture and Gram stain, blood culture, urinary antigen testing, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of respiratory specimens.

What is community acquired pneumonia?

In community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), you get infected in a community setting. It doesn’t happen in a hospital, nursing home, or other healthcare center. Your lungs are part of your respiratory system. This system supplies fresh oxygen to your blood and removes carbon dioxide, a waste product.

How do you diagnose pneumonia?

A chest X-ray is often used to diagnose pneumonia. Blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) to see whether your immune system is fighting an infection. Pulse oximetry to measure how much oxygen is in your blood. Pneumonia can keep your lungs from moving enough oxygen into your blood.

What would a CBC show for pneumonia?

A CBC measures the number of many types of blood cells, including white blood cells (WBC); these cells increase in number when there is a bacterial infection. An increased number of WBCs is one indicator that a bacterial infection, including pneumonia, may be present.

What is the difference between CURB-65 and CRB-65?

What is a curb Score 1 point?

The CURB-65 is a severity score for CAP, comprising 5 variables, attributing 1 point for each item: new onset confusion; urea >7 mmol/L; respiratory rate ≥30/minute, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≤60 mmHg; and age ≥65 years.