How many species of plants can you find in Colombia?

How many species of plants can you find in Colombia?

Colombia is the world’s second most biodiverse country, with around 6,500 species of plants and lichens unique to the country, Diazgranados estimates.

What is the native flower of Colombia?

orchid Cattleya trianae
The national flower of Colombia is the orchid Cattleya trianae which was named after the Colombian naturalist José Jerónimo Triana. The orchid was selected by botanist Emilio Robledo, in representation of the Colombian Academy of History to determine the most representative flowering plant of Colombia.

What flowers only grow in Colombia?

The Top 11 Most Representative Flowers of Colombia

  • Cattleya trianae orchid.
  • Acacallis cyanea orchid.
  • Heliconia.
  • Heliconia bird of paradise.
  • Colombian rose.
  • Begonia tuberosa.
  • Sugar flower.
  • San Joaquin.

What plants and animals are found in Colombia?

Colombia is home the biggest wildlife and plant diversity in the world. There are jaguars, ocelots, peccaries, tapirs, deer, armadillos, many species of monkeys as well as the very rare spectacled bear (or jucumari). From the great Andean condor to the tiny hummingbird, there are more than 1 550 birds species.

What crops are native to Colombia?

The primary agricultural products of Colombia are coffee (the country is the fourth-largest producer of coffee in the world), cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables, fique, panela, forest products; and shrimp.

Are there cactuses in Columbia?

This cactus is a wild plant that grows in the desert areas of the savannah of La Guajira, in northern Colombia. The fruit can be found during the seasons of iiwa (spring) and juyapü (winter). It is round, dark red and has many spines on its surface.

What is the most popular flower in Colombia?

Roses are by far the country’s most popular and on one farm alone, you’ll find 30 different colors (and Colombians are sensitive to the color of their roses; handing red ones to lovers, white ones to brides-to-be and placing yellow roses on the graves of loved ones) Colombian carnations are considered the best in the …

What grows in Colombia?

What are the most common plants in Colombia?

The Flor de Mayo Orchid is Colombia’s national flower. Colombia is one of the most biodiverse countries in the world….Native Plants Of Colombia.

Native Plants of Colombia Scientific Name
Curuba Quiteña (Banana Passionfruit) Passiflora tarminiana
Chontaduro (Peach-Palm) Bactris gasipaes
Soursop Annona muricata

What is the vegetation like in Colombia?

The distinctive páramo biome of the equatorial high mountains reaches its greatest development in Colombia. This alpine vegetation is characterized by tussock grasses, cushion plants, and the treelike frailejón (Espeletia), a curious-looking hairy-leafed genus of some 50 different species.

What is the most grown crop in Colombia?

Colombia is one of the largest coffee grower, contributes 13.0-16.0% of the total world production each year. Bananas are second to coffee in economic importance. Other important export crops include sugarcane and cotton. Among food crops, rice, cassava, and maize are the most important crops.

What does Colombia produce the most?

Colombia’s major exports are petroleum, coffee, coal, nickel, cut flowers, and bananas. The United States is Colombia’s largest trading partner, representing about 41% of Colombia’s exports and 27% of its imports. Colombia has considerable mineral and energy resources, especially coal and natural gas reserves.

What kind of plants are in Colombia?

Native Plants Of Colombia. Colombia’s incredible diversity of flora includes many orchids, such as the Flor de Mayo Orchid, the national flower.

How many species of flowers are there in Colombia?

The Flora of Colombia is characterized by 130,000 species of plants that have been described within Colombian territory. Flower of Victoria cruziana or Victoria regia inhabits in the Amazon basin.

What is the historic Columbia planting database?

Our horticulture experts use this tool to record the origin, progress, and success of the incredibly diverse living collections of Historic Columbia. With detailed information about every plant on all six of our historic properties, this database makes our nearly 3,000 accessions searchable by a multitude of specific criteria.

How many vascular plants are there in Colombia?

Colombia has 6154 endemic vascular plant species including the national flower Cattleya trianae (SIB). Psittacanthus gigas (Tropicos) has the largest simple leaves of any tree in the world.