How does air pollution cause atherosclerosis?

How does air pollution cause atherosclerosis?

Collectively, this supports the concept that air pollution exposure through changes in oxidative stress and likely downstream inflammatory mediators causes endothelial dysfunction, rendering the exposed individual more susceptible to chronic progression of atherosclerosis.

What is the link between air pollution and cardiovascular disease?

Using the air quality and medical data collected, researchers determined that there was a direct link between air pollution exposure and plaque buildup: healthy individuals exposed to air particle pollution over the long term had accelerated cases of atherosclerosis—to the extent that some participants’ risk for heart …

How can we control particulate matter pollution?

We can reduce particulate matter by reducing usage of particulate mater forming appliances, Avoid burning, quit indoor smoking, walk instead of vehicle, using solar energy, regular maintaining vehicle etc.

How does air pollution affect the environment?

Air pollution can damage crops and trees in a variety of ways. Ground-level ozone can lead to reductions in agricultural crop and commercial forest yields, reduced growth and survivability of tree seedlings, and increased plant susceptibility to disease, pests and other environmental stresses (such as harsh weather).

What kind of diseases are caused by air pollution?

Ambient air pollution accounts for an estimated 4.2 million deaths per year due to stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. Around 91% of the world’s population lives in places where air quality levels exceed WHO limits.

How does fine particulate matter affect the cardiovascular system?

Cardiovascular disease mortality: Fine particle pollution exposure is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease mortality via mechanisms that likely include pulmonary and systemic inflammation, accelerated atherosclerosis, and altered cardiac autonomic function (Dockery et al., 1993).

What can be reduced if air pollution is managed and controlled?

If air pollution is managed and controlled, there can be a reduction in the burning of fossil fuels and the release of smoke and vehicle fumes.

What is particulate matter air pollution?

PM stands for particulate matter (also called particle pollution): the term for a mixture of solid particles and liquid droplets found in the air. Some particles, such as dust, dirt, soot, or smoke, are large or dark enough to be seen with the naked eye.

How is particulate matter controlled?

The principal methods for controlling the release of particulate matter are summarized here. Identify measures for improving operating and management practices. Consider alternative fuels such as gas instead of coal. Consider fuel-cleaning options such as coal washing, which can reduce ash content by up to 40%.

What is air pollution and its causes effects and prevention?

Air pollution refers to any physical, chemical or biological change in the air. It is the contamination of air by harmful gases, dust and smoke which affects plants, animals and humans drastically. There is a certain percentage of gases present in the atmosphere.